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Home > Databases > Local heritage books > Kronstadt (Juden)

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Local heritage book Kronstadt (Juden)

Kronstadt / Brasov in Transylvania, Romania.

The first Jews settled in Kronstadt in the early 19th century. The first Jew in Kronstadt was Isac Kosiel with his wife Bihja, son  Ithac and daughter Sorl. Abraham, the watch dealer, was the fifth. The Jews took part in the trade between Hungary, Wallachia and Turkey. In 1826, 11 Jewish families (46 people) were given permission to settle permanently in Kronstadt, a right that was usually given only to the German Transylvania Saxons. This group was led by Aron Löbl. He is the author of a chronicle of the Kronstadt Jews from 1807-1830. In 1828, they received the right to organize their own community. The first synagogue was built in 1862. In 1870, the Jewish community began a program for teaching their members in Hebrew and to this end they invited the Hebrew poet, Solomon Ehrenkranz, to serve as a teacher. In 1865, the municipality had 103 members and 1198 in 1900. The synagogue in Poarta Schei Str. 29 was built in 1899 and opened on 20 August 1901. The rabbis were Lajos Papp (1893-1918) and Erno German (1927-1950). A secular Jewish school was founded in 1860. A separate Orthodox community arose in 1877. Rabbis were Ben-Zion Wesel (1889-1900), Benjamin Fuchs (1901-1905), Zev Zvi Klein (1905-1911), Joel Dohány (1912-1914) and David Sperber (1925 -1950). The school served both communities. Around the year 1940, there were about 6,000 Jews in Brasov. At the beginning of the 21st century only a few hundred Jews live in Brasov, mostly elderly; the rest have emigrated to Israel or to the West.
The numerical development of the Jewish population in Kronstadt
1813: 6; 1826: 46; 1850: 67; 1857: 39; 1866: 103; 1900: 1.250; 1930: 2.519; 1940: 2.760.

Number of people: 4,181 . It should be noted that no umlauts or diacritical marks are used. The many different spellings of names have caused much uncertainty, so that some people occur twice and may have to be merged . The work on this data continues. Additions and corrections will gladly be accepted by the AKdFF: info@akdff.de

Sources:

Jewish community of Kronstadt:
http://search.ancestry.de/search/db.aspx?dbid=5412 (county: Brasov, city: Brasov, religion: israelian): Births: 1851-1885, some data until 1926, marriages: 1852-1921, i.e. 1945, deaths: 1851-1932.
civil records from Kronstadt: to date, only the marriages and deaths from 1895-1906 were extracted.

Jewish Virtual Library
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0004_0_03453.html

The YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe, Artikel Brasov
http://www.yivoencyclopedia.org/article.aspx/Brasov

Ladislaus Gyémánt: Ummigration und Integration. Die jüdische Gesellschaft in Siebenbürgen im Zeitalter der Emanzipation (1790-1867) in: Migration nach Ost- und Südosteuropa vom 18. bis zum Beginn des 19. Jahrhunderts: Ursachen, Formen, Verlauf, Ergebnis. Hrsg. Mathias Beer und Dittmar Dahlmann. Stuttgart 1999. https://books.google.de/books?isbn=379952504


:: More links
Pfeil Rumänien
Pfeil Siebenbürgen
Pfeil County Kronstadt
Pfeil Kronstadt in the Genealogical Place Register GOV
Pfeil Official Homepage
Pfeil Kronstadt in Wikipedia
Pfeil Geographical Location, City map Kronstadt
:: Contact
For further information concerning these data and, if you have additions, corrections or questions, please contact:
AKdFF


Arbeitskreis donauschwäbischer Familienforscher e.V. (AKdFF)